Water borne illnesses like diarrhea remain a leading cause of death for children under the age of five, exceeding deaths from either malaria or AIDS. Lack of safe water also leads to malnutrition and prevents recovery from treatable diseases like pneumonia. Pneumonia is also caused through indoor air pollution, which can be a result of boiling water.
Acquiring drinking water is an expensive investment across Uganda, whether boiling water or purchasing costly bottled water. Treating water borne illness is an additional expense arising from the lack of safe water.
Clearing forests to provide firewood to boil water contributes to the rapidly growing deforestation of Uganda and increases CO2 emissions and smoke inhalation in homes.